# Medieval Scientists of the East

**Abu Abdalloh Muhamad ibn Musa al Khorazmi
**(about 783–847) Mathematician, astronomer, geographer and historian, creator of algebra

**Abu Nasr Mansur ibn Iraq
**(mid of XI century, Khorezm, Ghazna). Mathematician and astronomer

**Abul-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kasir al Farghani
**(about 798-865) Astronomer, mathematician, and engineer

**Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad Beruni
**(973-1048, Kyat. Gazna) Encyclopaedist, astronomer, mathematician, geographer, physicist, geologist, pharmacologist, historian, linguist, founder of geodesy

**Aby Mansur Qumri
**(X century, Bukhara city) Prominent physician, teacher of Avicenna in medical science

**Abu Sahl Masihi
**(970-971, Gurgan – 1011) Astronomer, mathematician, physician, and linguist

**Khorezmi Kasi
**(XI century) Scientist-chemist

**Muhammad b. Najib Bahran
**(12-13 centuries) A well-known geographer in the government of Annushteginid Khorezm-Shahs

**Shihab ad-din Abdallah b. Lutfallah b. Abd ar- Rashid al- Haravi
**nicknamed as Hafiz-i Abru (died in 1430) A well-known historian and geographer of the epoch of the Temurids and Amir

**Nizamaddin Abdalvasi Shami
**(died in 1411, Tabriz) A historian and biographer of Amir Temur

**Muinaddin Natanzi
**(the second half of the 14

^{th}century and the first quarter of the 15

^{th}century) Historian

**Ahmad Yungnaki
**(XII-XIII) Philologist, Philosopher, Expert of the Islamic sciences

**Alisher Navoi
**(9.02.1441, Herat – 3.01.1501) Great poet and thinker, statesman, the founder of Uzbek literature

**Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur
**( 02.14.1483 , Andijan – 26/12/1530 , Agra ) Great poet and writer, public figure, scholar, lexicographer, linguist and literary critic

**Yusuf Khas Hajib Balasaguni**

(1016/18 – the endof the XI c.) Scholar and lexicographer, poet and philosopher

**Mahmud ibn al-Xuseyn ibn Muhamed Kashghari
**(1029-1101) Encyclopedic-Scientist, lexicographer, linguist, ethnographer, folklorist, geographer, historian, founder of Turkology

**Giyasiddin Jamshid ibn Mas’ud Qashi
**(year of birth is unknown, died in 1430) Mathematician and astronomer

**Mahmud Chagmini
**(XII-XIII) Astronomer, mathematician, geographer

**Abu Ali Ibn Sina
**(980, village Afshan-1037, Hamadan) Scholar and lexicographer, philosopher, physician, pharmacologist, astronomer, mathematician, chemist, musicologist, writer, lawyer, poet

**Sharafaddin ali Yazdi
**(died in 1454, Taft in Horasan) An all-round scholar, astronomer, philosopher, historian, the investigater of science problems

**Fasih Havafi
**(1375, Rui – 1442, Herat) Historian, poet, politician

**Fahriddin Razi
**(1148-1210) Philosopher, logician, linguist, medical specialist

**Mahmud Zamahshari
**(18.03.1075 Zamahshar, 14.04.1144, Gurganj)

**Ala ad-Din Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qushchi
**(1402, Samarqand – 1474, Istanbul) Astronomer, mathematician, and geographer

**Yusuf ibn Yusuf at-tabib al-Khiravi
**(The end of the XV c., Khaf – 1544, Delhi) Medical scientist, skilful physician, lexicographer, and poet.

**Giyasaddin Nakkash
**(second half of the 15

^{th}century, Yezd) An artist and historian of the Temurids’ epoch

**Abd ar-Razzak Samarkandi
**(1413-1482) A well-known historian of the epoch of the Temurids

**Giyasiddin ibn Humamaddin al-Huseyn, nicknamed Khandamir
**(1476, Herat – 1535, Mandu) Historian, writer, poet, politician

**Mukhammadrizo mirab ibn Erniyazbek Agakhi**

(1809 Kiyat – 1874, Khiva) Statesman, poet, historian, translator

**Shirmuhammad mirab ibn Avazby Muniz**

(1778 Kiyat-1829, Khorasan), statesman, poet, historian, translator

**Ismail Jurjani
**(Jurjan 1042 – Merv 1036) Renowned physician

Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Yusuf al-Khorezmi

(died in 997 ) Encyclodedist scientist, philosopher, historian , astronomer, mathematician, chemist, expert in Islamic Studies

Mirza Muhammad Taraghay ibn Shahrukh ibn Timur

(22 March 1394, Sultaniyeh - 27 October 1449, Samarkand) Astronomer, mathematician, geographer, historian