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Medieval Scientists of the East

Abu Abdalloh Muhamad ibn Musa al Khorazmi
(about 783–847) Mathematician, astronomer, geographer and historian, creator of algebra

Abu Nasr Mansur ibn Iraq
(mid of XI century, Khorezm, Ghazna). Mathematician and astronomer

Abul-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kasir al Farghani
(about 798-865) Astronomer, mathematician, and engineer

Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad Beruni
(973-1048, Kyat. Gazna) Encyclopaedist, astronomer, mathematician, geographer, physicist, geologist, pharmacologist, historian, linguist, founder of geodesy

Aby Mansur Qumri
(X century, Bukhara city) Prominent physician, teacher of Avicenna in medical science

Abu Sahl Masihi
(970-971, Gurgan – 1011) Astronomer, mathematician, physician, and linguist

Khorezmi Kasi
(XI century) Scientist-chemist

Muhammad b. Najib Bahran
(12-13 centuries) A well-known geographer in the government of Annushteginid Khorezm-Shahs

Shihab ad-din Abdallah b. Lutfallah b. Abd ar- Rashid al- Haravi
nicknamed as Hafiz-i Abru (died in 1430) A well-known historian and geographer of the epoch of the Temurids and Amir

Nizamaddin Abdalvasi Shami
(died in 1411, Tabriz) A historian and biographer of Amir Temur

Muinaddin Natanzi
(the second half of the 14th century and the first quarter of the 15th century) Historian

Ahmad Yungnaki
(XII-XIII) Philologist, Philosopher, Expert of the Islamic sciences

Alisher Navoi
(9.02.1441, Herat – 3.01.1501) Great poet and thinker, statesman, the founder of Uzbek literature

Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur
( 02.14.1483 , Andijan – 26/12/1530 , Agra ) Great poet and writer, public figure, scholar, lexicographer, linguist and literary critic

Yusuf Khas Hajib Balasaguni
(1016/18 – the endof the XI c.) Scholar and lexicographer, poet and philosopher

Mahmud ibn al-Xuseyn ibn Muhamed Kashghari
(1029-1101) Encyclopedic-Scientist, lexicographer, linguist, ethnographer, folklorist, geographer, historian, founder of Turkology

Giyasiddin Jamshid ibn Mas’ud Qashi
(year of birth is unknown, died in 1430) Mathematician and astronomer

Mahmud Chagmini
(XII-XIII) Astronomer, mathematician, geographer

Abu Ali Ibn Sina
(980, village Afshan-1037, Hamadan) Scholar and lexicographer, philosopher, physician, pharmacologist, astronomer, mathematician, chemist, musicologist, writer, lawyer, poet

Sharafaddin ali Yazdi 
(died in 1454, Taft in Horasan) An all-round scholar, astronomer, philosopher, historian, the investigater of science problems

Fasih Havafi
(1375, Rui – 1442, Herat) Historian, poet, politician

Fahriddin Razi 
(1148-1210) Philosopher, logician, linguist, medical specialist

Mahmud Zamahshari
(18.03.1075 Zamahshar,  14.04.1144, Gurganj)

Ala ad-Din Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qushchi
(1402, Samarqand – 1474, Istanbul) Astronomer, mathematician, and geographer

Yusuf ibn Yusuf at-tabib al-Khiravi
(The end of the XV c., Khaf – 1544, Delhi) Medical scientist, skilful physician, lexicographer, and poet.

Giyasaddin Nakkash
(second half of the 15th century, Yezd) An artist and historian of the Temurids’ epoch

Abd ar-Razzak Samarkandi
(1413-1482) A well-known historian of the epoch of the Temurids

Giyasiddin ibn Humamaddin al-Huseyn, nicknamed Khandamir
(1476, Herat – 1535, Mandu) Historian, writer, poet, politician

Mukhammadrizo mirab ibn Erniyazbek Agakhi
(1809 Kiyat – 1874, Khiva) Statesman, poet, historian, translator

Shirmuhammad mirab ibn Avazby Muniz
(1778 Kiyat-1829, Khorasan), statesman, poet, historian, translator

Ismail Jurjani
(Jurjan 1042 – Merv 1036) Renowned physician

Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Yusuf al-Khorezmi
(died in 997 ) Encyclodedist scientist, philosopher, historian , astronomer, mathematician, chemist, expert in Islamic Studies

Mirza Muhammad Taraghay ibn Shahrukh ibn Timur
(22 March 1394, Sultaniyeh - 27 October 1449, Samarkand) Astronomer, mathematician, geographer, historian